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International Migration

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International Migration: Migrants Entering or Leaving the UK and England and Wales

International Migration presents statistics on the flows of international migrants to and from the United Kingdom (UK). It outlines the major data sources used to produce the estimates. Further, it describes how the tables of data are grouped and provides initial information about some improvements made in the way the estimates are calculated, and those that are planned.

For the purpose of International Migration, a migrant is someone who changes his or her country of usual residence for a period of at least a year, so that the country of destination effectively becomes the country of usual residence. This definition does not necessarily coincide with those used by other organisations.

International Migration: Migrants entering or leaving the UK and England and Wales, 2021 International Migration: Migrants entering or leaving the UK and England and Wales, 2021 is in stock now
International Migration: Migrants entering or leaving the UK and England and Wales, 2021
Series MN Number 47. Including CD-ROM of data.

Experimental and provisional estimates of UK international migration, 2018 to 2022. Covers the period since coronavirus (COVID-19) travel restrictions eased.

Main points
  • Total long-term immigration was estimated at around 1.2 million in 2022, and emigration was 557,000, which means migration continues to add to the population with net migration at 606,000; most people arriving to the UK in 2022 were non-EU nationals (925,000), followed by EU (151,000) and British (88,000).
  • People coming to the UK from non-EU countries for work, study, and for humanitarian purposes, including unique events such as those arriving from Ukraine and Hong Kong, have contributed towards relatively high levels of immigration over the past 18 months; however, growth has slowed over recent quarters, potentially demonstrating the temporary nature of these impacts.
  • The composition of non-EU immigration changed in 2022, with 39% of people arriving for study related reasons, down from 47% in 2021; those arriving on humanitarian routes (including Ukrainian schemes) increased from 9% to 19% over the same period.
  • The improvement in methods means the previously published immigration estimate for YE June 2022 is revised upwards by 45,000 to 1,109,000, emigration downwards by negative 57,000 to 503,000, and net migration revised by 102,000 to 606,000.
Office for National Statistics (ONS)
Published by
Dandy Booksellers Ltd
Publication Date
7 July 2023
114 pages plus CD-ROM
210 x 297 mm
Series MN Number 47
Approx Weight
0.37 kg
HS Code

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