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Online Catalogue

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Foreign Direct Investment

Online Catalogue | Official Publications | Non-Parliamentary Official Publications | ONS |  Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Direct Investment - Business Monitor MA4 provides estimates during the survey year on Foreign Direct Investment flows, positions and earnings involving UK companies, broken down by continent, country, component and industry. The investment figures are published on a net basis, that is, they consist of investments net of disinvestments. The estimates in this publication are sourced principally from the Office for National Statistics’ comprehensive annual surveys into foreign direct investment.

The foreign direct investment inquiries are carried out by the Economic Surveys Division of the ONS, in collaboration with other government departments and the Bank of England.

Foreign Direct Investment 2021 Foreign Direct Investment 2021 is in stock now

Foreign Direct Investment 2021

January 2023. Including CD-ROM of data

Investment of UK companies abroad (outward) and foreign companies into the UK (inward), including investment flows, positions and earnings, by country, component and industry.

Main points
  • Both the inward and the outward foreign direct investment (FDI) positions (stocks) increased in 2021 compared with 2020; the value of the UK's inward position increased by £83.1 billion to £2,002.4 billion, while the outward position increased by £16.0 billion to £1,769.3 billion.
  • The increase in the inward FDI position mainly reflects higher positions with the Americas (by £89.7 billion) and non-EU Europe (by £37.3 billion); the increase in the Americas was primarily from professional, scientific and technical services with the United States.
  • The value of outward FDI earnings (profits) was almost three times higher in 2021 compared with 2020, rising by £85.1 billion from £49.6 billion, to £134.7 billion; this partly reflects the much lower outward FDI earnings reported in 2020, during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
  • The increase in outward FDI earnings was seen across all continents; particularly, the Americas was more than four times higher in 2021 than in 2020; this mainly reflects higher earnings reported by a few companies, compared with the low earnings values in 2020.
  • Net FDI earnings (outward less inward) were much higher in 2021 (£62.9 billion) than in 2020 (negative £6.5 billion); FDI made a positive contribution to the UK's current account in 2021, having been slightly negative in 2020.
Office for National Statistics (ONS)
Published by
Dandy Booksellers Ltd
Publication Date
13 February 2023
20 pages plus CD-ROM
A4 (210 x 297 mm)
Business Monitor MA4
Approx Weight
0.12 kg
HS Code

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